What FATF needs Pakistan to ‘do extra’ about blacklisted people

What FATF needs Pakistan to ‘do extra’ about blacklisted people


Key highlights

  • Pakistan must adjust to six factors on two motion plans
  • The nation was downgraded from partially compliant to non-compliant for inaction towards organizations and people banned by the UN
  • No less than 17 Pakistanis stay on the UN sanctions record, however the baggage embrace Taliban leaders as effectively
  • Many of the factors take care of mutual authorized help, and belongings freezing
  • FBR’s makes an attempt to tighten monitoring of actual property brokers and professionals additionally falls quick

The Monetary Motion Activity Power (FATF) is urgent
Pakistan to behave towards the UN blacklisted organizations and people by
freezing and confiscating their belongings and enhancing mutual authorized help
with different nations, an FATF doc signifies.

The doc studies on Pakistan’s stage of compliance with the FATF calls for or suggestions. It reveals {that a} main contentious challenge was mutual authorized help and belongings freezing. Pakistan was downgraded from partially compliant to non-complaint as regards to one of many motion gadgets between September 2020 and September 2021.

There are no less than 17 Pakistanis on the United Nations Safety Council’s “consolidated record” as of October 22, 2021. Moreover, the names of dozens of Taliban leaders, together with officers from the Taliban regime, are nonetheless on the sanctions record. The FATF motion plans require Pakistan to behave towards everybody on the UN record.

The FATF determined to retain Pakistan on its enhanced monitoring record, additionally referred to as the ‘gray record,’ at its plenary assembly held from October 19 to 21 in Paris. Whereas FATF President Dr Marcus Pleyer praised the progress made by Pakistan, he additionally urged the nation  to work on expediting instances towards these concerned in terror financing and money-laundering.

He confirmed that Pakistan stays non-compliant or partially compliant on a complete of six factors on two actions plans containing 67 suggestions.

What Pakistan must do

The information on Pakistan’s compliance with the FATF calls for was
finalized in September 2021 and included in a mutual analysis evaluation (MER) and
observe up report (FUR) drafted on October 7, this 12 months. The announcement to
retain Pakistan on the gray record is predicated on the identical report.

The “consolidated evaluation scores” contained in
the doc and different info present Pakistan made progress on no less than 30
factors between October 2019 and September 2021. Among the progress has
already reported by officers over the previous few months, particularly because the
FATF accomplice the Asia Pacific Group (APG) held its session in June 2021.

Pakistan must adjust to the remaining 5 of the 40
factors from the APG motion plan and the remaining one merchandise from the 27 factors
authentic motion FATF plan.

Belongings freeze and mutual authorized help

Pakistan’s progress was reversed on no less than one of many
factors within the June assembly and the nation was declared non-compliant on the
advice quantity 27 (Mutual authorized help). It had been declared
partially-compliant on R27 in 2019.

The nation additionally stays non-complaint on R28 on
“mutual authorized help: freezing and confiscation.”

The 2 suggestions urges Pakistan to ” quickly,
constructively and successfully present the widest potential vary of mutual
authorized help in relation to cash laundering, related predicate offences
and terrorist financing investigations, prosecutions, and associated
proceedings” and “to take expeditious motion in response to requests
by overseas nations to establish, freeze, seize and confiscate property laundered;
proceeds from cash laundering, predicate offences and terrorist financing;
instrumentalities utilized in, or supposed to be used in, the fee of those
offences; or property of corresponding worth.”

Sharing intelligence and knowledge

The opposite suggestions Pakistan must adjust to are
R15, R28, and R33. The advice quantity 15 issues the utilization of recent
applied sciences to forestall money-laundering, and the advice quantity 33 urges
nations to “preserve complete statistics” for anti-money laundering and
counter-terrorist financing.

Moreover, Beneath the unique plan Pakistan additionally must
share info, monetary intelligence, and proof, and facilitates motion
towards criminals and their belongings.

Supervision of execs

One of many vital steps Pakistan has taken in current
months to adjust to FATF calls for is to extend supervision of realtors and
professionals together with legal professionals and accountants.

In September 2021, the federal government tightened the noose on who can do
property offers by introducing a license system for actual property brokers in PakistanActual
property is one sector the place cash laundering is rampant as folks park their
black cash in plots.

Nonetheless, the efforts did not impress the FATF because it
stays partially-compliant on the advice 28 which issues regulation
and supervision of BNFBPs (Designated Non-Monetary Companies and Professions).

The FATF advice says nations ought to guarantee “DNFBPs
are topic to efficient programs for monitoring and guaranteeing compliance with
AML/CFT necessities.”

Pakistanis on the UN record

Whereas monitoring realtors and professionals and sharing
intelligence and knowledge with different nations stays as a lot difficult because it
could possibly be, a serious uphill process is taking motion towards organizations and
people banned beneath the UN safety council record.

There are no less than 17 Pakistanis on the UN’s consolidated record which additionally mentions their affiliation.  They’re from Jaish-e-Mohammad, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, different Kashmir centered teams, the banned TTP, and Ummah Tameer e-Nau. Most of them have already confronted detention for years.

Lashkar-e-Tayyiba

Hafiz Muhammad Saeed from Sargodha is known as the
chief of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) and has been listed since 2008. The UN record
additionally mentions his tackle in Lahore’s Johar City, the place a
bomb exploded in une this 12 months
. He’s beneath authorities detention.

Mohammad Yahya Mujahid is taken into account Saeed’s deputy. He
faces detention since June 2009, in keeping with the record.

Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi has been described because the chief
of operations of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba. His Islamabad and Okara addresses are on the
UN record.

Haji Muhammad Ashraf is one other member from the LeT
and he has been described because it “chief of finance.” Hailing from Faisalabad, he
is without doubt one of the first Lashkar leaders to be positioned on the UN sanctions record in
2008.

Hafiz Abdul Salam Bhuttavi from Gujranwala is one other
deputy to Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, in keeping with the UN record. He’s additionally a founding
LeT member.

Zafar Iqbal is a senior chief and co-founder of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba.
The UN entry claims that he’s additionally incharge of Jamaat-ud-dawa’s finance chief.
The UN lists Jamaat-ud-dawa as as an alias of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba.

Arif Qasmani from Karachi is asserted a LeT and Al Qaeda
affiliate. He’s beneath detention since June.

The sanctions towards LeT members and leaders had been imposed
after the successive Indian authorities lobbied intensely. Mot of them have been
put behind bars by the federal government of Pakistan.

Jaish-e-Mohammad and Harkat-ul Jihad Islami

Mohammad Masood Azhar Alvi has been described by the UN because the founding father of Jaish-i-Mohammad and a former chief of Harkat ul-Mujahiddin. He’s from Bahawalpur and was listed in 2019.  

Abdur Rehman al-Sindhi from Karachi has been accused
of offering facilitation and monetary companies to Al-Qaida. He was additionally related
with Harakatul Jihad Islami, Jaish-I-Mohammed, and Al-Akhtar Belief
Worldwide, the UN sanctions record claims. He was listed in 2008.

Mati-ur-Rehman Ali Muhammad has been termed the chief operational commander of Lashkar i Jhangvi. He was additionally related to the banned Harakat-ul Jihad Islami. Mati-ur-Rehman is from Bahawalpur district.

Ummah Tameer e-Nau

There are Pakistanis who had been listed for alleged connection
with Al Qaeda.

Abdul Majeed Chaudhry was listed on 24 December
2001 as being related to Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban. The
UN record notes that he’s a nuclear scientist who served as a director of Ummah
Tameer e-Nau (UTN)

Mahmood Sultan Bashir-uddin is a Pakistani nuclear scientist and a member of UTN. The tackle listed earlier than his identify is from Kabul in Afghanistan. He was detained in 2001 by Pakistani safety businesses and brought for debriefing.

Mohammad Tufail served as a director of Ummah Tameer
e-Nau. His identify was additionally listed in 2001.

Ummah Tameer e-Nau  was suspected of supplying details about
establishing nuclear weapons to Osama Bin
Laden
and Al-Qaeda.

TTP, Afghan Taliban, and Al Qaeda

Adam Khan Achekzai is a Pakistani nationwide from Chaman but additionally has a Kandahar tackle. He has been described as an Afghan Taliban facilitator who manufactured improvised explosive units for them. His identify has been linked to bombings in Afghanistan.

Noor Wali Mehsud is the top of the banned Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP). He was listed solely final 12 months.

Aamir Ali Chaudhry has been described as an electronics and explosives skilled for the banned Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP).

Abdul Hakim Murad is in US custody for his affiliation with Al Qaeda. He’s a industrial pilot and was arrested from Manila, the Philippines, in January 1995 in a raid that resulted within the seizure of a big amount of chemical substances and different paraphernalia used within the manufacture of explosives. He has been described as a Pakistani nationwide who was issued a Pakistani passport in Kuwait.

Afghan Taliban leaders

The names of a number of Afghan Taliban leaders are nonetheless on the UN sanctions record. They embrace Taliban Prime Minister Hassan Akhund, Deputy Prime Minister Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, one other Deputy Prime Minister Abdul Salam Hanafi, Inside Minister Sirajuddin Haqqani, Overseas Minister Amir Khan Muttaqqi and lots of different key leaders.

Muttaqi led the current Doha talks with the USA and
the European leaders.

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